Scientific Revolutions

in History

War is discouraged at all costs in different ways by different people. Scientists play a critical role during and before wartime. This shows that they have an obligation to ensure that before the war, they have gathered the relevant information concerning the magnitude of the war in order to save people from severe losses and destructions from their opponents. During and before the World War 1, as revealed by scientists like Albert Eistein, Fritz Haber, and Max Planck; it’s the role of scientists to ensure that they educate their countries on the dangers associated with using lethal weapons against their enemies. Some scientists like Albert contributed either directly or indirectly in the establishment of the atomic bomb which was used in bombing Japan (Nye 120).

Albert played a role in its development where he stated from his special theory of relativity that a small amount of matter could release large amount of energy (Nye 120). He later regretted being involved in the creation of atomic bomb as it resulted in destruction of properties and loss of life. This shows that scientists were obliged to provide their countries with skills and knowledge on how science can be used in restraining fighting rather than in fighting their enemies. Eistein thought that he should participate in providing skills in making atomic bomb but later realized that it caused a lot of destructions in Japan. Till his death he urged scientists to avoid contributing to wars by providing their skills in production of lethal weapons. Despite the fact that Albert Eistein was at first involved in the war he changed his position after the war as a result of the magnitude of the destructions which were made. It should be noted that the skills possessed by scientists should not be used in causing destructions but in bringing development in the whole world.

In the year 1929, Eistein indicated that he would service the war either directly or indirectly. It should be noted that as a result of the knowledge and skills possessed by scientists during this time, they were considered of great help during the war (Nye 120). Eistein got involved in the war by signing a letter to President Franklin authorizing the building up of the bomb. According to these scientists, during the wartime scientists need to provide their countries with information on how to produce more and more dangerous weapons to defeat their enemies like the case of Germany and atomic bomb during the World War 1 (Nye 120). In the year 1944, Eistein wrote to Niels Bohr explaining the problems which could face the whole world after the war. This shows that scientists are obliged to foresee the destructions which could be caused by any war and educate their countries accordingly. It was believed after the war that Eistein contributed heavily to the bombing of Japan.

By the time of World War 2, there were a lot of changes especially in form of the technologies used in fighting machines. According to the advancement of technology and scientific revolution during this period of time, more powerful machine guns were used hence leading to higher casualty rates as compared to the World War 1. Eistein viewed a lot of changes during this time especially in the expansion and improvement of fighting machines (Nye 121). The World War 2 was not like the World War 1 in terms of weapons as more and more scientists had come up with different technologies of developing these weapons. By this period of time, the view of Eistein of developing a mass killing weapon changed and he concentrated on the problems which could be created in future. More and more destructions were made during this period of time hence indicating to him that war was of no use to the lives of may people (Nye 121). It is because of this that he wrote to Niels Bohr in the year 1944 explaining that the destructions which would be caused by the war would be more pronounced than what was the case during the World War 1 (Nye 129). In the year 1954, before he met his death, Eistein summarized his feelings about his role in the creation of the atomic bomb and indicated that the greatest mistake he made in life was his participation to the creation of atomic bomb especially when he signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending the creation of atomic bomb (Nye 129). The justifications were that Germany was feared to make them and hence it required a country to silence it.

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This article was published on 2012/03/28